ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Communicable Diseases

Disease Surveillance and Reporting

HDNW helps stop the spread of contagious disease. To do so, we track and control the spread with the help of physicians, clinical laboratories, schools, childcare centers, and camps – all of whom are required to report the occurrence or suspected occurrence of any disease, condition or infection as identified in the Michigan Communicable Disease Rules of the Michigan Public Health Code.

HDNW investigates all reported communicable diseases in our four-county area to identify or prevent outbreaks, provide needed treatment, and to control the spread of disease within our communities.

How To Report?

HDNW depends on reports of communicable diseases from area providers and community members. Reports or concerns can be made by phone by calling 1-800-432-4121, even after hours, or by fax to 231-547-6238.

For Health Care Providers

The early identification of infectious diseases, and the control of these infections, rests on providers who recognize a communicable disease, an unusual case presentation, or a cluster of like-symptoms. Michigan's Communicable Disease Rules require physicians and laboratories to report communicable diseases. Below is a guide for physicians, heath care providers, and laboratories for diseases that must be reported within 24 hours of diagnosis/identification.

For Schools and Childcare Providers

Weekly communicable disease reports submitted by schools and childcare facilities are important in helping us monitor the health of our community. Reporting allows HDNW to monitor flu-like illness, gastrointestinal illness, and strep throat which normally occur every year and helps us to recognize higher than normal disease levels which could indicate possible outbreaks.

Individual reports of serious communicable diseases like pertussis or mumps allow us to alert people who may have been exposed, recommend vaccination and treatment as needed, and provide information to the public.

For the Public

HDNW provides services to find, prevent, and control the spread of diseases, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs), rabies, tuberculosis, norovirus, and foodborne outbreaks. To help stop the spread of communicable diseases, HDNW focuses mostly on education, tracking the spread of diseases, and treatment for people who are sick throughout our four-county area.